An Outline of the Talmud
To many non-Jews the term Talmud draws a blank because they have never seen the
Talmud.  It is not always conveniently available, though you should be able to find it in
public libraries.  The full Talmud is as large as a set of encyclopedias.  To
purchase a set will cost as much as $800.  In order to provide some insight as to what
is contained in the Talmud, we are presenting this outline.
The outline provided is for the Babylonian Talmud as opposed to the Jerusalem Talmud
which is shorter and is considered less authoritative.  To understand what the Talmud is, 
it is necessary to explain first  what the oral Torah and the Mishnah is.   The Oral Toral, 
according to orthodox Jewish thought,  is a body of Torah that was given to Moses in oral 
form.  It consisted of details and instructions about keeping the written Torah.  This 
information was passed down verbally through the generations until the first century when
the temple was destroyed.  It was reduced to writing in the next two centuries.  This written 
form was called the Mishnah.  It consists a sort of verse like style presenting various Torah 
issues followed by interpretations of the various sages who lived prior to that time.  It is in 
an easily memorized format.  Indeed, Rabbis in some branches of Judaism must memorize 
the entire Torah, the Mishnah, and the Talmud.   Beginning in about the second century, 
Rabbinical commentary called Gemara was added to the Mishnah to produce the Talmud.  
It took a number of centuries to complete.    Not all branches of Judaism accept the notion of 
the oral Torah.   We hope this outline is helpful

 

				The Talmud
                          		The Division of Appointed Times
                          	Appointed Times and the Village
Shabbat
I                General principles of Sabbath observance. 1:1-11
II               Preparing for the Sabbath: Light, food, clothing. 2:1-6:11
         A.      The Sabbath lamp. 2:1-7
         B.      Food for the Sabbath. 3:1-4:2
         C.      Ornaments for animals & clothing for persons. 5:1-6:10
III              Prohibited acts of labor on the Sabbath. 7:1-15:3
         A.      Generalizations: Prohibited acts of labor. 7:1-2
         B.      Transporting an object from one domain to another. 7:3-9:7
         C.      Fundamental principles on carrying. 10:1-6
         D.      Transporting an object.  Throwing an object. 11:1-6
         E.      Other prohibited acts of labor. 12:1-14:2
         F.      Healing on the Sabbath. 14:3-4
         G.      Tying knots.  Clothing and beds. 15:1-3
IV               Other Sabbath taboos. 16:1-24:5
         A.      Saving objects from a fire.  Taboo against handling fire. 16:1-8
         B.      Handling various objects in private domain. 17:1-18:3
         C.      Circumcision on the Sabbath. 19:1-6
         D.      Preparing food for humans and beasts.  Permitted procedures. 20:1-22:6
         E.      Appropriate behavior on Sabbath.  Permitted and prohibited deeds. 23:1- 24:5
Erubin
I                The delineation of a limited domain. 1:1-2:5
         A.      Forming an alleyway into a single domain. 1:1-7
         B.      Forming an area occupied by caravan at rest for the Sabbath into a single
                 domain. 1:8-10
         C.      A well in public domain. 2:1-4
         D.      A large Field. 2:5
II               The erub and the Sabbath limit of a town. 3:1-5:9
         A.      The erub: A symbolic meal for establishing joint ownership of a courtyard
                 or for establishing symbolic residence for purposes of legitimate travel on
                 the Sabbath. 3:1-9
         B.      The erub and violating the Sabbath limit. 4:1-11
         C.      Defining the Sabbath limit of a town. 5:1-9
III              The erub and commingling ownership of a courtyard or alleyway. 6:1-9:4
         A.      The trub and the courtyard. 6:1-10
         B.      Areas which may be deemed either distinct from one another or as a
                 commingled domain, so that residents have the choice of preparing a joint
                 erub or two separate ones. 7:1-5
         C.      The shittuf (also a symbolic joint meal) and the alleyway. 7:6-8:2
         D.      Neglecting the erub for a courtyard and the consequences thereof. 8:3-5
         E.      An erub for more than one courtyard. 8:6-8:11
         F.      An erub and the area of roofs. 9:1-4
IV               The public domain in general. 10:1-15
Besah
I                The Houses and other authorities. 1:1-3:1
II               Designating food before the festival for use on the festival. 3:2-8
III              Doing actions connected with preparing food on a festival day in a
                 manner different from ordinary days.  Other restrictions. 4:1-5:2
IV               Appendix. 5:3-7
Moed Qatan
I                Labor on the intermediate days of a festival. 1:1-10, 2:1-3
         A.      In the fields. 1:1-4
         B.      Miscellanies. 1:5-7
         C.      Cases of emergency and grievous loss of property. 2:1-3
II.              Commerce on the intermediate days of a festival. 2:3-3:4
III              Burial of the dead and mourning on the intermediate days of a
                 festival. 3:5-9
Pesahim (Passover) 

I                Preparation for Passover. 1:1-4:8
         A.      Removing          leaven. 1: 1-2:4
         B.      Removing and avoiding what ferments. 2:5-3:8
         C.      Other requirements for 14 Nissan. 4:1-8
II.              The Passover offering.  Killing and eating it. 5:1-9:11
         A.      General rules on slaughtering the Passover offering. 5:1-10
         B.      Special rules for the Sabbath which coincides with 14 Nissan 6:1-6
         C.      Roasting and eating the Passover offerings. 7:1-4
         D.      Special rules for the Passover offering. 7:5-9:5
                 1.       Uncleanness. 7:5-10
                 2.       Not breaking the bone of the Passover offerings. 7:11-12
                 3.       Eating the offering in a group. 7:13-8:8
                 4.       The second Passover. 9:1-5
         E.               An animal designated for use for a lost Passover offering, or one for 
                 which a substitute is designated. 9:6-11
III              The Passover seder. 10:1-9
Sheqalim
I                Collecting the sheqel. 1:1-2:5
         A.      Imposing the obligation to pay. 1:1-7
         B.      Transporting the sheqel.  Sacrilege. 2:1-5
II.              Using the sheqel for Temple offerings for the altar. 3:1-4:9
         A.      Taking up the sheqel for the public offerings. 3:1-4
         B.      Disposing of the sheqel for various offerings. 4:1-9
III              The Temple administration and its procedures. 5:1-8:8
         A.      The administration. 5:1-2
         B.      Procedures for selling drink offerings. 5:3-6
         C.      Collecting other funds in the Temple. 5:6-8:8
         D.      Disposing of money and objects found in the Temple and in Jerusalem.
                 7:1-8:3
         E.      Miscellanies. 8:4-8

 

Yoma (the Day of Atonement)
I                The conduct of the Temple rites on the Day of Atonement. 1:1-7:5
         A.      Preparing the high priest for the Day of Atonement. 1:1-7
         B.      Clearing the ashes off the altar. 1:8-2:6
         C.      The narrative resumes: The daily whole offering on the Day of Atonement.
                 2:5-3:4
         D.      The narrative continues: The high priest's personal offering for the Day of
                 Atonement. 3:6-8
         E.      The narrative continues: The two goats and other offerings on the Day of
                 Atonement. 3:9-5:7
         F.      The scapegoat and its rule. 6:1-8
         G.      The rite concludes with Torah reading and prayer. 7:1-5
II               The laws of the Day of Atonement. 8:1-9
         A.      Not eating, not drinking. 8:1-7
         B.      Atonement. 8:8-9

Sukkah (the Feast of Tabernacles)
I                Objects used in celebrating the Festival. 1:1-3:15
         A.      The sukkah and its roof. 1:1-2:3
         B.      Dwelling in the sukkah. 2:4-9
         C.      The lulab and the etrog. 3:1-15
II               The rites and offerings of the Festival. 4.1-5:8
         A.      The Festival rites carried out on the successive festival days. 4:15:4
         B.      The offerings on the altar. 5:5-8
Rosh Hashanah (the Feast of Trumpets)
I.               The designation of the new month through the year. 1:1-3:1
         A.      Prologue: The four new years. 1:1-2
         B.      The new moon.  Receiving testimony of the appearance of the new month.
                 1:3-3:1
II.              The shofar. 3:2-4:9
         A.      Rules of the shofar. 3:2-4:4
         B.      The liturgy of the New Year. 4:5-6
         C.      Sounding the shofar in the liturgy. 4:7-9
Taanit (fast days)
I                Fasts called in order to bring rain. 1:1-2:10, 3:1-9
         A.      The sequence of fasts for rain. 1:1-7
         B.      The liturgy of the community for a fast day. 2:1-5
         C.      Other rules about public fasts. 2:8-10
         D.      Other uses of the shofar as an alarm, besides for fasts. 3:1-9
II               The delegation Israelite participation in the cult. Special occasions.
                 4:1-8
         A.      The delegation. 4:1-4
         B.      Other  occasions. 4:5
         C.      Sad days. 4:6-8

Megillah
I                The rules for the reading of the Scroll of Esther. 1:1-2.6
II               The laws of synagogue property and Liturgy. 3:1-4:9
         A.      Disposition of synagogue property. 3:1-3
         B.      Rules for reading the scriptures in synagogue worship. 4:1-5
         C.      Conduct in the synagogue: Reading the Torah, blessing the congregation, 
                 leading the prayers. 4:6-8
Hagigah
I                The appearance offering festal offering, and peace offering 
                 or rejoicing. 1:1-2.4
         A.      Liability of these offerings.  The cost of them. 1:1-2:1
         B.      The festal offering and the Sabbath. 2:2-4
II               The rules of uncleanness as they affect ordinary folk and holy things
                 of the cult and festivals. 2.5-3:8
         A.      Graduations of strictness of rules of uncleanness. 2:5-3:3
         B.      Holy things and the festival. 3:4-8
                          The Division of Women
                          The Beginning of marriage
Qiddushin (betrothal)
I                Betrothal.1:1-3:11
         A.      Rules of acquisition. 1:1-10
         B.      Procedures of betrothal: Agency, value, stipulations. 2:1-5
         C.      Impaired betrothal. 2.6-3:1
         D.      Stipulations. 3:2-6
         E.      Doubts. 3:7-11
II               Castes for the purposes of marriage. 3:12-4:11
         A.      The status of the offspring of impaired marriages. 3:12-13
         B.      Castes and intermarriage. 4:1-7
         C.      Miscellany. 4:8-11
III              Homiletical conclusion. 4.12-14
                 
Ketubot (marriage contract)
I                Formation of marriage: The material rights of the parties to the
                 Marital union. 1:1-5:11
         A.      The wife.  1:1-2:10
                 1.       The virgin and her marriage contract. 1:1-4
                 2.       Conflicting claims for a marriage contract for a virgin. 1:5-2.3
                 3.       Miscellanies or testimony. 2:3-2:10
         B.      The father and the husband (cf.  Deut. 22:15-29). 3:1-5:1
         I.       The fine paid to the father (Deut. 21:22) for rape or seduction 3:1-4:1
         2.      The father. 4:3
         3.      The father and the husband. 4:4-6
         4.      The husband. 4:7-5:1
II               The duration of the marriage: Reciprocal responsibilities and rights
                 of husband and wife. 5:2-9:1  
         A.      The wife's duties to the husband. 5:2-3
         B.      The husband's marital rights and duties to the wife.  5:6-6:1
         C.      The dowry. 6:2-7
         D.      The rights and duties of the wife. 7:1-10
         E.      The property rights of the wife. 8:1-9:1
III              Cessation of the marriage: the collection of the marriage contract 9:2-12:4
                 & 13:1-9)
         A.      Imposing an oath 9:2-9
         B.      Multiple claims on an estate. 10:1-6
         C.      support of the widow. 11:1-5
         D.      Rights to and collection of a marriage contract: Special cases.
                 11:6-12.4
         E.      Two casebooks. 13:1-9
IV               Conclusion. 13:10-11

                          The Duration of the Marriage
Nedarim (vows)
I                The language of vows. 1:1-3:11
         A.      Euphemisms. 1:1-2:5
         B.      Language of no effect. 3:1-5
         C.      Language of limited effect. 3:6-11
II.              The binding effects of vows. 4:1-S:6
         A.      Vows not to derive benefits. 4:1-5:6
         B.      Vows not to eat certain food. 6:1-7-.2
         C.      Vows not to use certain objects, 7:3-5
         D.      The temporal limitation in vows. 7:6-8:6
III              The absolution of vows. 8:6-11:12
         A.      Grounds for the absolution of vows. 8:6-9:10
         B.      The annulment of the vows of a daughter. 10-.1-4
         C.      The annulment of the vows of a wife. 10:5-8
         D.      The husband's power to annul the wife's vows: Special rules 11:1-1:8
         E.      Vows of a woman not subject to abrogation. 11:9-10
         F.      Redactional Conclusion. 11:12
Nazir (Nazarites)
I                Becoming a Nazirite.  The vow. 1:1-4:3
         A.      The language of the vow to be a Nazirite.  1:1
         B.      Stipulations and the Nazirite vow. 2:1-10
         C.      The duration of the vow. 3:1-7
         D.      Annulling the vow. 4:1-3
II               The Nazirite's offerings. 4:4-5:7
         A.      Designation and disposition of the offerings. 4:4-5:4
         B.      Concluding conundrum. 5:5-7
III              Restrictions on thc'N2zirite. 6:1-9:2 + 9:1-5)
         A.      The grape. 6:1-4
         B.      Transition. 6:5
         C.      Cutting hair. 6:6-11
         D.      Corpse uncleanness. 7:1-4

Sotah  
I                Invoking the ordeal. 1:1-3
II               Narrative of the ordeal. 1:4-3:8
III              Rules of the ordeal. 4:1-6:4                
         A.      Exemptions and applicability.               4:1-5:5
         B.      Testimony and exemptions from the ordeal. 6:1-4
IV               Rites conducted in Hebrew. 7:1-9:15
         A.      A catalogue. 7:1-8
         B.      The anointed for battle and draft exemptions (cf. Deut. 20:1-9). 8:1-7
         C.      The rite of the  heifer  (cf. Deut. 21:9). 9:1-15

 

                          The End of a Marriage
Yebamot
I                Establishing and severing the marital bond. 1:1-5:6
         A.      Neither levirate marriage nor halisah: Consanguinity. 1:1-2:10
         B.      Halisah but no levitate marriage. 3:1-3:10
         C.      Levirate marriage. 4:1-4:13
         D.      Reprise: Marriage, divorce, levirate marriage. Halisah. 5:1-6
II               The special marital bond: Marriage into the priesthood. 6:1-9:6
         A.      When a woman may eat the heave offering. 6:1-6
         B.      Who may eat heave offering. 7:14:2
         C.      Miscellany. 8:3
         D.      The eunuch. 8:4-6
         E.      Concluding construction for units I and II. 9:1-6
II               Severing the marital bond. 10:1-16:7
         A.      Marital ties subject to doubt. 10:1-11:7
         B.      Severing the marital bond of the deceased childless brother' widow. The
                 rite of halisah and how it is performed. 12.1-6
         C.      Severing the marital bond of the minor.  The right of refusal. 13:1-13
         D.      The infirm marital bond of the deaf mute. 14:1-4
         E.      Severing the marital bond through the death of the husband 15:1-16:7
                 1.       The woman's testimony. 15:1-16:2
                 2.       Identifying a corpse.  16:3-7
Gittin
I                Delivering and preparing a writ of divorce. 1:1-3:8
         A.      Delivering a writ of divorce. 1:1-2:1
         B.      Preparing a writ of divorce. 2:2-3:3
         C.      Confirming the prevailing supposition. 3:4-8
II               Fifteen rulings made for the good order of the world. 4:1-5:9
III              The law of agency in writs of divorce, 6:1-7:2
         A.      Receiving the writ of divorce. 6:1-4
         B.      Appointing agents to prepare and deliver a writ of divorce. 6:5-7:2
IV               Stipulations in writs of divorce. 7:7:9
V                Invalid writs of divorce. 8:1-9:10
         A.      Improper delivery. 8:4-10
         B.      Improper preparation of the writ. 8:4-10
         C.      Improper stipulations. 9:1-2
         D.      Improper witnesses. 9:4-9:8
         E.      Conclusion. 9:9-10
                          The Division of Damages
                              				Civil Law
Baba Qamma
I.               Damages done by chattels. 1:1-6:6
         A.      The fundamental rules of assessing damages when the cause is one's
                 property, animate and inanimate. The ox. 1:1-2:6
         B.      Damages done in the public domain. 3:1-7
         C.      Exercises and illustrations on the ox. 3:8-4:4
         D.      The ransom and the death penalty for the ox. 4:5-5:4
         E.      Damages done by the pit (M. 1:1). 5:5-7
         F.      Crop-destroying beast. (M. 1:1). 6:1-3
         G.      Damages done by fire. (M. 1:1). 6:"
II               Damages done by persons.  Theft. 7:1-10:10
         A.      Penalties for the theft of an ox or a sheep (df.  Ex. 22:1-4). 7:1-7
         B.      Penalties for assault. 8:1-7
         C.      Penalties for damages to property.  Restoring what is stolen. 9:1-10:10
Baba Mesia
III              The disposition of other people's possessions. 1:1-3:12
         A.      Conflicting claims on lost objects. 1:1-4
         B.      Returning an object to the original owner. 1:5-2:1
         C.      Rules of bailment in cases of damages. 3:1-12
IV               Illicit commercial transactions 4:1-5:11
         A.      Overcharge and misrepresentation. 4:1-12
         B.      Usury. 5:1-11
V                Licit transactions.  B.M. 6:1-10:6; B.B. 1:1-7:4
         A.      Hiring workers.  Rentals and bailments. 6:1-8:3
                 1.       The mutual obligations of worker and employer. 6:1-2
                 2.       Rentals. 6:3-5
                 3.       Bailments under normal circumstances. 6:6-8
                 4.       The mutual obligations of worker and employer. 7:1-7
                 5.       Bailment 7:8-8:3
         B.               Real estate.  B.M. 8:4-10-6; B.B. 1:1-5:5
                 1.       Prologue. 8:4-5
                 2.       Landlord-tenant relationships. 8:6-9
                 3.       The landlord's relationships with a tenant farmer and sharecropper.
                          9:1-10
                 4        Miscellanies: Paying laborers promptly.  Taking a pledge 9:11-13
Baba Batra
                 5.       joint holders of a common property.  B.M. 10:1-6; B.B. 1:1-6
                 6.       Not infringing on the property rights of others. 2:1-4
                 7.       Establishing title to a field through usucaption. 3:1-8
                 8.       Transferring real estate (and movables) through sale. 4:1-5:5
         C.     Commercial dealings. 5:6-7:4
                 1.       Conditions of irrevocable transfer of goods. 5:6-11
                 2.       Unstated stipulations in commercial transactions. 6:1-7:4
VI.                       Inheritances and wills. Other commercial and legal documents. 8:1-
                          10:8
         A.     Inheritance. 8:1-9:10
         B.     The preparation and confirmation of commercial documents, e.g., writs of
                   debt. 10:1-6      
         C.    Concluding miscellanies. 10-7-8
Abodah Zarah
I                Commercial relationships with gentiles. 1:1-2:7
         A.      Festivals and fairs. 1:1-4
         B.      Objects prohibited even in commerce with gentiles. 1:5-2:2
         C.      Objects prohibited for use but permitted in commerce with gentiles. 2:3-7
II               Idols. 3:1-4:7
         A.      General principles. 3:1-6
         B.      The asherah. 3:7-10                
         C.      The Mercolis. 4:1-2
         D.      Nullifying an idol. 4:3-7
III.             Libation wine. 4:8-5:12

                          The Courts and Administration
Sanhedrin
I.               The court system. 1:1-5:5
         A.      Various kinds of courts and their jurisdiction: Civil, and political. 1:1-6
         B.      Heads of the Israelite nation and court system.  High priest and king. 2:1-5
         C.      Procedures of the court system. 3:1-5:5
                 1.       Commercial cases. 3:1-8
                 2.       Capital cases. 4:1-5:5
II.              The death penalty. 6:1-11:6
         A.      Stoning. 6:1-6
         B.      Four modes of execution and how they are administered. 7:1-3
         C.      Those put to death by stoning. 7:4-8:7
         D.      Those put to death by burning or decapitation. 9:1-10.6
         E.      Those put to death through strangulation. 1:1-6

 

 

Makkot
III              Perjury and its penalties. 1:1-10
IV               The penalty of exile (banishment). 2:1-8
         A.      Those subjected to banishment. 2:1-3
         B.      The cities of banishment. 2:4-8
V                The penalty of flogging. 3:1-14
         A.      Those subjected to flogging. 3:1-9
         B.      The procedure of flogging. 3:10-14
VI               Concluding homilies. 3:15-16

Shebuot
I                Uncleanness of the cult and its holy things and the guilt offering. 1:1-2:5
         A.      General introduction. 1:1
         B.      Uncleanness and the cult. 1:2-2:5
II               Oaths. 3:14:6
         A.      Oaths in general. 3:1-6
         B.      The rash oath.  The vain oath. 3:7-11
         C.      The oath of testimony. 4:1-13
         D.      The oath of bailment. 5:1-5
         E.      The oath imposed by judges, 6:1-7:8
         F.      Oaths and bailments.  Concluding exercise. 8:1-6

Horayot
I                The offering brought because of an erroneous decision by a court. 1:1-5
II.              The offering brought by the high priest who has unwittingly done
                 what is contrary to the commandments of the Torah.  The ruler. 2:1-5
III              The individual, anointed priest. and community. 2.5-3:8
                          The Division of Holy Things
                          Rules of the Cult
Zebahim
I                Improper intention and invalidating the act of sacrifice. 1:1-4:6
II               The rules for sacrifice of animals and fowl. 5:1-7:6
         A.      Animals. 5:1-6:1
         B.      Fowl. 6:2-7:6
III              Rules of the altar. 8:1-12:4
         A.      Rules for disposing of sacrificial portions or blood which derive from
                 different sacrifices and have been confused. 8:1-12
         B.      The altar sanctifies what is appropriate to it. 9:1-7
         C.      Precedence in use of the altar. 10:1-8
         D.      Blood of a sin offering which spurts onto a garment (Exposition of Lev.
                 6:27-28). 11:1-8
         E.      The division of the meat and hides of sacrificial animals among the eligible
                 priests. 12:1-6
IV               The proper location of the altar and the act of sacrifice. 13:1-14:10
Menahot
I                Reprise for meal offerings of the Principles of animal offerings of
                 M. Zebahim.  Improper intention and invalidating the meal offerings. 1:1-4:5
         A.      Reprise of Zebahim. 1: 1-3:1
         B.      Other rules of invalidation. 3:2-4:5
II               The proper preparation of meal offerings. 5:1-9:9
         A.      General rules. 5:1-6:7
         B.      The meal offering accompanying the thank offering. 7:1-6
         C.      Source of flour, oil, and wine used for the offering. 8: 1-7
         D.      Measuring the materials used for the offering. 9:1-5
         E.      Conclusion.  General rules. 9:6-9
III              Special meal offerings. 10: 1-1 1:9
         A.      The 'omer. 10:1-9
         B.      The two loaves of Pentecost and the show broad. 11:1-9
IV               Vows in connection with meal offerings. 12:1-13:10
Hullin
I                Rules of slaughtering unconsecrated animals for use at home or in the
                 Temple. 1:1-4:7
         A.      General rules. 1:1-7
         B.      Specific regulations.  Terefah rules. 2:1-6
         C.      Slaughter and illicit sacrifice. 2:7-10
         D.      Terefah and valid carcasses. 3:1-7
         E.      The effect of valid slaughter on the parts of a beast's body, e.g., on the
                 fetus. 4:1-7
II               Other rules on the preparation of food, principally for use at home.                            
                 5:1-12:5
         A.      It and its young (Lev. 22:28). 5:1-5
         B.      The requirement to cover up the blood (Lev. 17:13-14). 6:1-7
         C.      The prohibition of the sciatic nerve (Gen. 32:32). 7:1-6
         D.      Milk and meat (Ex. 23:19, 34:26; Deut. 12:21). 8:1-6
         E.      Connection. 9:1-8
         F.      The shoulder, two checks, and maw, which are given to the priest (Deut.
                 18:4). 10:1-4
         G.      First fleece goes to the priest (Deut. 18:4). 11:1-2
         H.      The law of letting the dam go from the nest when taking the young (Deut.
                 22:6-7) 12:1-5

Keritot
I                The sin offering (Lev. 5:17-19). 1:1-2:2
II               A single sin offering and multiple sins. 2:3-3:10
III              The suspensive guilt offering. 4:1-6:8

Tamid
I                The priests arise in the morning.  Clearing the altar of ashes. 1:1-4, 2:1-5
II               Selecting the lamb for the daily burnt offering. 3:1-5
III              Clearing the ashes. 3:6-9
IV               Slaughtering the lamb. 4:1-3
V                The priests bless the congregation.  The lambs are brought to the altar.
                 5:1-4
VI               Clearing the ashes. 5:5-6:3
VII              Conclusion of rite.  The lambs are tossed on the altar.
Qinnim
         Summarized, not outlined, as follows:
1:1      The blood of the sin offering of fowl is sprinkled below, that of the beast, above,
         the red line.  The blood of burnt offering of fowl is sprinkled above, of beast,
         below.  The proper rite of a pair of birds: a pair brought in fulfillment of an
         obligation is deemed to include one as a sin offering and one as a burnt offering:
         a pair brought as a vow or freewill offering is deemed to be only burnt offerings.
1:2      A sin offering which was confused with a burnt offering or a burnt offering with a
         sin offering.  A bird designated as a sin offering confused with birds which were
         not designated but brought in fulfillment of an obligation.
1:3      Circumstances for the rules of 1:1-2?  In the case of confusion of an offering
         brought in fulfillment of an obligation with one designated as a freewill offering.
1:4      Continuation of 1:3
2:1      An unassigned pair of birds from which one flew off into the air. The owner to
         purchase a mate for the second.
2:2      Continuation of 2:1
2:3      Continuation of 2:1
2:4      A pair of birds which had not been designated and a pair of birds which had
         been designated-a bird flew from one to the other.  Continuation of 2:1
2:5      A pair of birds for a sin offering at one side, a pair for a burnt offering at the other,
         and an unassigned pair in the middle if one of the unassigned ones flew from the
         middle to the sides, it has caused no loss.  Completion of 2:4
3:1-2    Circumstances for rules of 1:1-2.  In the case of a priest who makes an inquiry. 
         But if he does not, so that a post facto decision is required.  1:3 now cited and
         spelled out.
3:3-5    1:2 cited and spelled out, once more for a post facto decision.
3:6      A woman who said, "Lo, I pledge myself to bring a pair of birds if I bear a male
         child," if she has a boy, brings two pairs, one for the vow, one for the obligation. 
         Reconsideration of the problem of 2:5 I-N.

         Rules for Providing Animals for Daily Sacrifices and for the Upkeep of
         the Altar and Temple Buildings and Support of the priestly Staff
Bekhorot
I                The firstborn of animals.  General rules. 1: 1-4:2
         A.      The first born of the ass. 1: 1-7
         B.      The firstborn of the cow.  Reprise of M. Bekh. 1 2:1-8
         C.      Further matters of doubt. 2:9-3:2
         D.      Not shearing the firstling (Deut. 15:19). 3:3-4
         E.      The requirement to tend to the firstling before handing it over to the priest.
                 4:1-2
II               Slaughtering a firstling by reason of blemishes. 4:3-6:12
         A.      Examining a firstling to see whether or not it is blemished. 4:3-10
         B.      Further rules of slaughtering the firstling. 5: 1-6
         C.      Blemishes. 6:1-7:7
                 1.       In animals. 6:1-6:12
                 2.       In priests. 7:1-7
III              Firstborn of man. 8:1-9
IV               The tithe of cattle. 9:1-8
Arakhin
I                Violations and vows for the benefit of the Temple. (Lev. 27:1-8). 1:1-6:5
         A.      Basic rules. 1:1-4
         B.      Two formal constructions. 2:1-6, 3:1-5
         C.      Ability to pay in vows. 4:1-4
         D.      The difference between pledging a valuation and vowing worth, or price.
                 5:1-5
         E.      Collecting valuations. 5:6-6:5
II.              The dedication and redemption of a field which is received as an
                 inheritance (Lev. 27:16-25). 7:1-8:3
III              The devoted thing [herem] (Lev. 27:28-29). 8:4-7
IV               The sale and redemption of 2 field received as an inheritance and of
                 dwelling house in a walled city (Lev. 25:25-34). 9:14

Temurah
I                The rules of substitution: Who may do so, and to what (Lev. 27:-14). 1:1-2:3
         A.      Liability to the law of substitution. 1:1-2
         B.      Exemptions from the law of substitution. 1:3-6
         C.      Formal appendix. 2:1-3
II               The status of the offspring of substitutes. 3:1-4 
         A.      Diverse sacrifices and their substitutes and offspring. 3:1-5
         B.      Appendix on the supererogatory sin offering. 4:1-4
III              The language used in effecting an act of substitution. 5:5-6
         A.      Formal prologue. 5:1-4
         B.      The effective formula. 5:5-6
IV               Formal appendix. 6:1-7:6

Meilah
I                Sacrilege of sacrifices in particular (Lev. 5:15-16). 1:1-3:8
         A.      When the laws of sacrilege apply to a sacrifice. 1:1-4
         B.      Stages in the status of an offering. 2:1-9
         C.      Cultic property which is not subject to sacrilege but which also is not to be
                 used for noncultic purposes. 3:1-8
II               Sacrilege of Temple property in general. 4:1-6:6
         A.      Sacrilege has been committed only when the value of a perutah of Temple
                 property his been used for secular purposes.  The joining
                 together of different objects to reaching the perutah's value. 4:1-6
         B.      Sacrilege is defined by the one who does it, or by the thing to which it is
                 done. 5:1-2
         C.      Sacrilege effects the secularization of sacred property. 5:3-5
         D.      Agency in effecting an act of sacrilege. 6:1-6
Middot
I                Watch posts and gates. 1:1-9
II               The layout of the Temple mount. 2:1-6
III              The altar and porch. 3:1-8
IV               The sanctuary and courtyard. 4:1-7, 5:1-4

 

                                                     Return to Studies Menu